Author: Eamon Caddigan <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 1 Aug 2023 18:10:03 -0700
Short post with an Anaconda tip
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+title: "Running a Python script with Anaconda"
+- Data Science
+I have a Python script that needs to be run from within a specific
+[Anaconda](https://www.anaconda.com) environment (which I'll call
+`environment_name`) for reasons that aren't relevant here. It was tricky to
+get this working, so I figured it was worth a post. Here's what made this
+* The script only works if it's actually run in a specific environment
+ (accessed by executing `conda activate environment_name`), it's not enough
+ to set the python path in the shebang[^shebang]
+* I want to be able to run the script when I'm not in that environment,
+ or even when I'm not using Anaconda at all (which is usually the case)
+* Activating an Anaconda environment in any shell script requires extra
+The solution I landed on is to replace the typical shebang line with a block
+of code that looks like this:
+#! /bin/sh -
+':' '''Describe the script here--this script just prints the Python version'
+eval "$(conda shell.bash hook)"
+conda activate environment_name
+exec python3 -- "$0" "$@"
+print("Hello from Python", sys.version)
+This approach is not without weaknesses:
+* It (probably?) requires that `/bin/sh` be bash (or maybe just bash-like?),
+ which is not always the case; you might need to replace `/bin/sh` with the
+ full path to bash
+* The script may need to be run as a specific user, I haven't checked
+* The code looks ugly and interferes with code-highlighting
+* It's certainly fragile in other ways I've yet to find
+I'm sharing it anyway because it did solve my problem, and I hope to save
+somebody else the time it took me to figure this out. Or better yet, be told
+the "right" way to do this from a Python/Anaconda expert.
+[^shebang]: The first line of most contemporary python scripts is
+`#!/usr/bin/env python3`, which tells the shell to use python to execute the
+rest of the script. Since Anaconda installs additional copies of Python,
+sometimes it's enough to replace this with something like
+`#!/home/username/anaconda3/envs/environment_name/bin/python3`, but that
+didn't work here.